PAST FRANKE FELLOWS
Matthew Boyle, Professor, Philosophy
“The Significance of Self-Consciousness”
Rachel Galvin, Assistant Professor, English Language and Literature
“The Hemispheric Poetics of Latinx Literature”
Elaine Hadley, Professor, English Language and Literature
“The Dismal Science of Economics and the Lost Art of Political Economy”
Demetra Kasimis, Assistant Professor, Political Science
“The Poetics of Refuge: Greek Tragedy and the Making of the Refugee”
Maria Anna Mariani, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages and Literatures
“Italy and the Bomb. Literary Recreation in a Nuclear Age”
Miguel Martinez, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages and Literatures
“Third New World. The Spanish Colonial Philippines and the Global Imagination”
James F. Osborne, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
“Diaspora and Mobility: The Syro-Anatolian Culture Complex”
Jacqueline Stewart, Professor, Cinema and Media Studies
“Our Comedy of Blackness: The Films of Spencer Williams”
Julianne Grasso, Doctoral Candidate, Music
“Video Game Music, Meaning, and the Possibilities of Play”
Silvia Guslandi, Doctoral Candidate, Romance Languages & Literatures
“Belonging to the Threshold: appartenenza and sradicamento in early 20th Century ‘Italian’ Literature”
Noa Merkin, Doctoral Candidate, Cinema & Media Studies
“Little Patch of Yellow: On the Detail in Film”
Ahona Panda, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
“Philology and the Politics of Language: The Case of Bengali, 1893-1955”
Amanda Shubert, Doctoral Candidate, English Language & Literature
“Victorian Optical Fictions, 1832-1896”
Alexander Sorenson, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies
“Trials by Water: Law, Sacrifice, and Ethics in German Realism"
Margareta Ingrid Christian, Assistant Professor, Germanic Studies
"Aesthetic Environs: A Cultural History of Air Around 1900"
Marco Garrido, Assistant Professor, Sociology
"City of Squatters and Villagers: Spatial Fragmentation and Political Polarization in Metro Manila"
Patrick Jagoda, Associate Professor, English Language & Literature
Michael Kremer, Mary R. Morton Professor, Philosophy
"Getting Things Right: Gilbert Ryle on Knowledge"
Susanne Paulus, Assistant Professor, Oriental Institute and Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"Comparative Studies of Kassite Archives: A Legal, Economic, and Social History of Babylonia (1350-1150 BCE)"
Zachary Samalin, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"The Masses Are Revolting: Victorian Culture and the Aesthetics of Disgust"
Salomé Aguilera Skvirsky, Assistant Professor, Cinema & Media Studies
"The Aesthetic of Labor: Craft, Industry, and Service Work in Latin American Cinema"
Megan Sullivan, Assistant Professor, Art History
"After Mondrian: Abstract Art and the Challenge of Development in South America"
Chloe Blackshear, Doctoral Candidate, Comparative Literature
"Between the Figure and the Text: David Stories in Late 20th-Century Prose"
Anne Feng, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Water, Ice, Lapis Lazuli: Aquatic Imagery in Medieval Buddhist Art and Architecture"
Jake Fraser, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies
"Irreversible: Kleist, Kafka, and the Present's Past"
Zachary Loeffler, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"Speaking of Magic: Musical Enchantments in Modernity"
Jessica Mutter, Doctoral Candidate, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"Conversion and Religious Identity in Early Islamic Syria"
Amy Stebbins, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies and Cinema & Media Studies
"Theater of the Turn: Critical Performances at the Volksbühne am Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz 1992-2017"
James Conant, Chester D. Tripp Professor of Humanities, Philosophy
“Kant’s Critique of the Layer-Cake Conception of Human Mindedness”
Daniel Desormeaux, Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
“The First Haitian Historians’ Account of the Making of a Free Black Republic”
Ghenwa Hayek, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
“'Carrying Africa’, Becoming Lebanese”
Robert Kendrick, Professor, Music and Romance Languages & Literatures
“Fruits of the Cross: Passiontide Music Theater in Habsburg Vienna”
Wei-Cheng Lin, Associate Professor, Art History
“Performative Architecture of China”
Sarah Nooter, Associate Professor, Classics
"The Mortal Voice in the Tragedies of Aeschylus”
Michael Rossi, Assistant Professor, History
“The Language Organ: A History of Embodied Speech in American Linguistics, 1900-2000”
Yuri Tsivian, William Colvin Professor, Art History, Cinema & Media Studies, and Slavic Languages & Literatures
“Montage: A History of Theory and Practice”
Rebecca Crisafulli, Doctoral Fellow, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Sincerity and Social Transformation in the Work of Louise d'Épinay"
Andrew Inchiosa, Doctoral Fellow, English Language & Literature
"Found among the Papers of the Early Republic"
Thomas Kelly, Doctoral Fellow, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Substantive Marks: The Poetics of Object Inscriptions in Early Modern China"
Branden Kosch, Doctoral Fellow, Classics
"Demosthenes and his Readers"
Daniela Licandro, Doctoral Fellow, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"'I Must Confess': Life Writings and the Culture of Jiantao in Modern China"
Adhira Mangalagiri, Doctoral Fellow, Comparative Literature
"The World Within: Reading Colonial Literary Encounters between China and India"
Agnes Callard, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
Whitney Cox, Associate Professor, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
“Modes of Philology in Medieval South India”
Laura Gandolfi, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
“Mexico’s Itinerant Objects: Practices of Writing, Perception and Material Culture”
Heather Keenleyside, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"Women and Children First: Early English Feminism and the Invention of Children’s Literature”
David J. Levin, Addie Clark Harding Professor, Germanic Studies, Cinema & Media Studies, and Theater & Performance Studies
“After Regie: Opera, Performance, and the Stakes of Representation”
Yung-ti Li, Associate Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
“The Kingly Crafts: Large-Scale Production and the Rise of State Craft Industries in Bronze Age China”
Mark Miller, Associate Professor, English Language & Literature
“The Unredemptive Middle Ages”
Ada Palmer, Assistant Professor, History
“A History of Provisional Belief”
James Burgin, Doctoral Candidate, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"Hittite Finance and the Festival Economy"
Erin Epperson, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Tracing out Trends in Tibetan Translations: An Analysis of Tibetan Translation Practices Surrounding the Fourteenth-Century Translation of Kālidāsa’s Cloud Messenger"
Cesar Favila, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"Music and Devotion in Novohispanic Convents, 1600-1800"
Gilad Nir, Doctoral Candidate, Philosophy
"Wittgenstein on Inference"
Victoria Salinger, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"'Writing Calculations, Calculating Writing': Hanne Darboven's Computer Art"
Han Zhang, Doctoral Candidate, East Asian Languages & Literatures
"Dwelling in Language: The Practice of Wu Dialect in Late Qing Shanghai and Beyond"
Claudia Brittenham, Assistant Professor, Art History
"Unseen Art: Vision and Memory in Ancient Mesoamerica"
Anton Ford, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
“What is Done: A Theory of Transaction”
Itamar Francez, Assistant Professor, Linguistics
“Meaning and the Limits of Linguistic Variation”
Gabriel Lear, Professor, Philosophy
“Plato on Beauty and Being Good”
Constantine Nakassis, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
“Onscreen/Offscreen: Ontologies of the Image in South Indian Cinema”
Anubav Vasudevan, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
“Chance, Determinism, and the Classical Theory of Probability”
Christopher Wild, Associate Professor, Germanic Studies
“Meditation and the Institution of the Self: Descartes, Ignatius, and Augustine”
Alice Yao, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
“From Fortresses to Shrines: Tribal Geographies and Imperial Encounters in Southwest China, (100 BC - 300 AD)”
Nir Ben Moshe, Doctoral Candidate, Philosophy
"Idealization and the Moral Point of View: An Adam Smithian Account of Moral Reasons"
Daniel Gough, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"Listening in the Megacity: Music in Sao Paulo's Cultural Policy Worlds"
Marcelle Pierson, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"The Voice under Erasure: Singing, Melody and Expression in Late Modernist Music"
Ranu Roychoudhuri, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages and Civilizations
"Images and Imaginings: A History of Photography in Twentieth Century Bengal"
Ben Laurence, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
“Political Philosophy as Realistic Utopianism”
Benjamin Morgan, Assistant Professor, English Language and Literature
“The Science of Beauty: Victorian Aesthetics and the Embodied Mind, 1840-1900”
John Muse, Assistant Professor, English Language and Literature
“Microdramas: Short Theater Since 1880”
Emily Lynn Osborn, Assistant Professor, History
“Casting Aluminum Pots: Labor, Migration and Technology in West Africa, 1945-2005”
Steven Rings, Associate Professor, Music
“A Foreign Sound to Your Ear: Bob Dylan in Performance”
Na’ama Rokem, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
“Divergent Paths of Exile”
Justin Steinberg, Associate Professor, Romance Languages and Literatures
"Mimesis on Trial: Boccaccio's Realism, the Inquisition, and the Rise of the Novella"
Malte Willer, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
“The Dynamics of Normativity and Subjectivity”
Peter Erickson, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies
"Religious Conversion in the Late German Enlightenment"
Joela Jacobs, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies
"Non-Human Configurations of Life in Literary Grotesques From Oskar Panizza to Franz Kafka"
Ilanit Loewy Shacham, Doctoral Candidate South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Narratives and Narratives about Narratives: The Story and Afterlife of Kṛṣṇadevarāya's Āmuktamālyada"
Bart van Wassenhove, Doctoral Candidate, Classics
"Emotion, Admonition and Moral Progress in Seneca's Philosophical Works"
Jason Bridges, Associate Professor, Philosophy
"In Defense of Reason"
Julie Y. Chu, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
"Infrastructures of Mobility: An Ethnography of Dis/connections in Southern China"
Xinyu Dong, Assistant Professor, Cinema & Media Studies
"China at Play: Republican Film Comedies and Chinese Cinematic Modernity"
Martha Feldman, Professor, Music
"The Castrato Phantom: Encryptions and Voice, from Moreschi to Fellini and Back"
Chelsea Foxwell, Assistant Professor, Art History
"Mirror of Painting: Historical Imagination, Social Identity, and the Circulation of Images in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Japan"
Berthold Hoeckner, Associate Professor, Music
"Film, Music, Memory"
Paola Iovene, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Tales of Future Past: Utopia and the Ends of Literature in Contemporary China"
Hoyt Long, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"The Arts of Association: Japanese Letters and the Modeling of a Modern Information Society"
Richard Jean So, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"Republic of Mind: America, China and the Rise and Fall of a Global Literary Network, 1929-1955"
Martin Baeumel, Doctoral Candidate, German Studies
"What Poems Want - Configurations of Poetry between Baroque and Romanticism"
Melissa Bilal, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"An Affective Genealogy of the Armenian Lullaby in Turkey"
Helen Findley, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Moveable Feast: Buddhist Homiletic Performance in Meiji Japan"
Julia Langbein, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Salon Caricature in Paris, 1840-1871"
Timothy Campbell, Assistant Professor, English
"Historical Style: Fashion, Commerce and Historicism in Britain, 1740-1820"
Petra Goedegebuure, Assistant Professor, Oriental Institute, NELC
"The Core Cases in the Anatolian Languages"
Cameron Hawkins, Assistant Professor, History
"Institutions, Institutional Change, and the Urban Economy of the Roman Empire"
Robert Kendrick, Associate Professor, Music
"Singing Jeremiah: Music and Meaning in Holy Week"
Sarah Nooter, Assistant Professor, Classics
"Drama in a Convex Mirror: Aristophanes, Euripides and Sophocles in Light of Twentieth-Century African Theater"
Rocco Rubini, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"The Italians’ Renaissance between Hegel and Heidegger"
Jennifer Wild, Assistant Professor, Cinema and Media Studies
"The Film Stripped Bare: Parisian Modernism in the Age of Cinema, 1905-1926"
Tamara Chin, Assistant Professor, Comparative Literature
"Illicit Exchange: An Imaginary History of the Han Dynasty Silk Road"
Joshua Adams, Comparative Literature
"Some Problems of Paraphrase"
Sun-ah Choi, Art History
"Quest for True Visage: Sacred Images in Medieval Chinese Buddhist Art"
Paul Keen, Classics
"Land of Experiment: The Ptolemies and the Development of Hellenistic Cyprus (312-58 BC)"
Tucker McKinney, Philosophy
"Heidegger on Human Finitude and Normative Governance"
Fredrik Albritton Jonsson, Assistant Professor in the History Department
"The Stationary Future: The Politics of Environmental Limits in Britain 1760-1850"
Paul Copp, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Tantric Transformations in Late Medieval China"
Leela Gandhi, Professor, English Language & Literature
"Art of Interruption: Postcolonial Ethics, Antifascism, and the Politics of Empire, 1900-1955"
Yuming He, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Reading Commonplace Books in Early Modern China (16th-17th Centuries)"
Kaley Mason, Assistant Professor, Music
"The Labor of Music in South India"
Srikanth Reddy, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"Readings in World Literature: Poems"
Jason Salavon, Assistant Professor, Visual Arts
"Atlas: A Corpus of Algorithmic Forms and Episodes"
Andrew Erwin, Department of Germanic Studies
"Mimesis, Madness, and Modernity: Robert Musil and the Ethics of Being without Qualities"
Thomas Keith, Department of Classics
"Blood, Toil, Tearless Sweat: Envisioning Sparta in the Imperial Stoa"
Shayna Silverstein, Department of Music
"Circulating Spaces: Power, Performance and Place in Syrian Dabke"
Gökçe Yazıcıoğlu, Department of Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"People of Kaneš in the 21st-17th C. BC: Communal and Individual Dimensions of Identity in a Cosmopolitan Center in Anatolia"
David H. Finkelstein, Associate Professor, Philosophy
Ryan Giles, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
“Unholy Words: Parodic Prayer and Incantation in Medieval and Early Modern Spain”
Michael Kremer, Professor, Philosophy
“Sense, Meaning, and the Development of Frege’s Thought”
David Martinez, Associate Professor, Classics and the Divinity School
“Ancient Greek Papyri in the University of Texas Collection”
Verity Platt, Assistant Professor, Art History
“Images and Impressions: The Cultural Life of Seals in Ancient Greece and Rome”
François G. Richard, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
“Ambiguous States and Entangled Landscapes: Cultural Histories of Power in Siin (Senegal), 1500-1930”
Joshua Scodel, Professor, English and Comparative Literature
“Living as One Pleased in English Renaissance Literature”
Rad Borislavov, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures
"Viktor Shklovskii-Between Art and Life"
Doron Galili, Committee on Cinema and Media Studies
"Seeing by Electricity: Vision, Temporality and Intermediality in Early Television"
Peggy Wang, Department of Art History
"Contemporary Chinese Art and the Global Exhibitionary Culture in the 1990s"
Cecelia Watson, Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science
"Relating to Nature: John La Farge, William James and the Search for Truth in Nineteenth Century Art, Science and Philosophy"
Orit Bashkin, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"The Nation of Muhammad, the Prayers of Moses (and the Writings of Marx): Jewish-Iraqi Intellectuals, 1921-51"
Leong Ping Foong, Assistant Professor, Art History
"Landscape Invested: Political Reformation, Poetic Protest and Painting in the Late Northern Song"
Michael Forster, Professor, Philosophy
"After Herder: Essays on Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition"
Andreas Glaeser, Associate Professor, Sociology
"Liberal Political Epistemics: How Germans and Americans have Made Sense of Immigrants"
Rebecca Hasselbach, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations, Oriental Institute
"Grammatical Roles and Relations in Semitic"
Alison James, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Constraining Chance: Georges Perec and the Oulipo"
Jonathan Lear, Professor, Committee on Social Thought, Philosophy
"Irony and Identity"
Rochona Majumdar, Assistant Professor, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Cinema India: Art and Politics of a Forgotten Era"
Rafeeq Hasan, Philosophy
"Virtue and Nature in Rousseau”
Valerie Levan, Comparative Literature
"Fashioning the Modern Self: The Rhetoric of Failure in Yu Dafu’s Creative Project"
Lauren Silvers, Comparative Literature
"Imagined Aesthetic Encounters: Psychological Knowledge and the Embodiment of the Reading Subject at the French Fin-de-Siecle"
Suyoung Son, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Writing for Print: Zhang Chao and Literati-Publishing in Seventeenth-Century China"
Paul Cheney, Assistant Professor, History and the College
"The Enlightenment Science du Commerce: Colonial Expansion and the New European Political Order"
Mark Payne, Assistant Professor, Classics and the College
"The Animal Part: Humans and Animals in the Iambic Tradition"
Michael Raine, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages and Civilizations
"Modernism, Materiality, and Cultural Mimesis: Japanese New Wave Cinema, 1955-1964"
Ulrike Stark, Assistant Professor, South Asian Languages and Civilizations
"In Times of Transition. Raja Shivaprasad 'Sitar-e Hind"
Christopher E. Woods, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
"A Study of Sumerian Writing"
Wu Hung, Professor, Art History and East Asian Languages and Civilizations, and the College
"Another Story of Ruins: Presence and Absence in Chinese Art and Visual Culture"
Alan C. Yu, Assistant Professor, Linguistics
"Rescuing Fleeting Voices: A Study of the Sounds of a Dying Language"
Ari Bryen, History and Classics
"Violence, Law and Society in Roman and Byzantine Egypt"
Jeehee Hong, Art History
"Theatricalizing Death: Performance Images of Mid-Imperial China in Mortuary Contexts (11th -13th centuries)"
Jacqueline Jay, Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
"The Narrative Structure of Ancient Egyptian Tales: From Sinuhe to Setna"
Jonathan Tsou, Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science
"Mental Health in Question: Issues in the Philosophy of Psychiatry"
Kesha Fikes, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
"Emigration from Cape Verde: The Spatial Production of Local Cape Verdean Difference, 1863-1975"
Oren Izenberg, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"Being Numerous: The Poetic Imagination of the Ground of Social Life"
Tahera Qutbuddin, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"Early Arabic Oratory: The Speeches and Sermons of Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 660) in the 'Path of Eloquence'"
Seth Richardson, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"Studies in Late Old Babylonian History"
Eric Slauter, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"A Cultural History of Natural Rights in America, 1689-1789"
Lina Steiner, Assistant Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures
"Autonomy and the Russian Novel: Representation of Personality in Pushkin, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky (1830's-1860's)"
Rebecca Zorach, Assistant Professor, Art History
"'Roma vetus ac recens': A virtual Speculum Romanae magnificentiae"
Jeanne Britton, Comparative Literature
“Sympathy and the Novel: Shared Sentiment in Britain and France, 1750-1850”
Vanessa De Gifis, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
“Qur`anic Rhetoric in the Politics of the Early `Abbasid Period"
Benjamin Nelson, Romance Languages & Literatures
“Tending to Empire: The Spanish Pastoral Novel and Its Reflection Upon Imperial Spain”
Charles Tepperman, Cinema and Media Studies
“Communicating a New Form of Knowledge: The Amateur Cinema League and Its Films (1926-1954)"
Robert Buch, Assistant Professor, Germanic Studies
"The Legacy of Laocoon: Violence and the Image in Late Twentieth Century Literature"
James Conant, Professor, Philosophy
"The Continuity of Wittgenstein's Philosophy"
Daisy Delogu, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Royal Biography in the Late Middle Ages: Theorizing the Ideal Sovereign"
Gregory Golley, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"When Our Eyes No Longer See: Realism, Science and Japanese Literary Modernism"
William Mazzarella, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
"The Mana of Mass Society: Cultural Regulation in Contemporary India"
Deborah Nelson, Associate Professor, English Language & Literature
"Tough Broads: Suffering in Style"
James T. Sparrow, Assistant Professor, History
"Americanism and Entitlement: National Citizenship and Political Culture from the New Deal to the Cold War"
Justin Steinberg, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Accounting for Dante: Urban Readers and Writers in Late Medieval Italy"
Wei-Cheng Lin, Art History
"Building a Buddhist Sacred Mountain: The Monastic Architecture in Mt. Mutai During the Tang Dynasty"
Rajeev Kinra, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Secretary-Poets in Mughal India and the Ethos of Persian - The Case of Chandar Bh_n 'Brahman'"
Ebru Turan, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"The Rule of Ibrahim Pasha (1523-1536): The Rise of Ottoman Imperial Ideology in the Sixteenth Century"
Alina Wyman, Slavic Languages & Literatures
"The Task of Active Empathy: Scheler, Bakhtin and Dostoevsky"
Shadi Bartsch, Professor, Classical Languages & Literatures
"Troping the Classics: Medieval Metaphors for Ancient Texts"
Robert Bird, Assistant Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures
"Engaging Fictions: Distance and Commitment in Russian Modernism"
Bradin Cormack, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
"A Power to Do Justice: Jurisdiction in English Law and Literature, 1509-1625"
Patchen Markell, Assistant Professor, Political Science
"Democracy and the Problem of Agency"
Valerie Ritter, Assistant Professor, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Modern Hindi Poetry and Poetics, 1885-1935"
Xiaobing Tang, Associate Professor, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"The Consequences of Art in Modern China: Discourses, Institutions, Movements"
William Wimsatt, Professor, Philosophy
"The Role of Generation and Stasis in the Evolution of Complex Organizations "
AFFILIATED FACULTY FELLOW
Steven Pincus, Associate Professor, History
"The First Modern Revolution"
Joy Beckman, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Layers of Being: Bodies, Objects, and Spaces in Warring State Funerals"
Emily Godbey, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Rubbernecking and the Business of Disaster"
Daniella Reinhard , Doctoral Candidate, Classical Languages & Literatures
"Playing Dead: Hades, Eidolatry and the Human in Homer and Sophocles"
Anthony Raynsford, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Sites of Lost Dwelling"
Jason Bridges, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
"The Autonomy of Reasons"
I spent the year writing on topics concerning the concept of a reason for action, including: 1) criticism of how 'naturalistic' theories of mental content handle that concept, 2) interpretation of Wittgenstein's treatment of that concept in the Philosophical Investigations, and 3) diagnosis of the continuing influence in the philosophy of action of Hume's view that, as he puts it, "reason is the slave of the passions."
Cornell Fleischer, Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"An Occult Polymath of the Fifteenth Century: 'Abd al-rahman al-Bistami of Antioch"
I spent the year studying the voluminous oeuvre and long life of 'Abd al-Rahman al-Bistami (ca. 1375-1455), an Antiocene polymath and Arabic stylist who systematized and popularized the occult arts as a scientific alternative to Sufi mysticism. Because he was located at the intersection of the intellectual, spiritual, and political upheavals of his day, Bistami in context affords a view of the inner life of Islamdom.
Armando Maggi, Associate Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Jacopone of Todi and Early Franciscan Spirituality"
I came to the Franke Insitute to write a book on early Franciscan theology through an analysis of Jacopone da Todi's mystical poetry. This fellowship allowed me to pursue or complete other projects. I finished a book on the concept of 'familiar spirits' in Renaissance culture and an essay on baroque treatises on the shroud of Turin.
Jason Merchant, Assistant Professor, Linguistics
"The Saving Grace of Ellipsis: The repair of grammatical deviance by deletion"
The nature of apparently 'subsentential' phrases is a classic puzzle for standard linguistic theories of the form-meaning relation; my project concentrates on solving this puzzle for a particular data subset, namely fragment answers to constituent questions. I argue that these answers involve a particular kind of ellipsis, and that the grammatical effects found in answers show that these fragments constitute parts of fully sentential structures, in other words, that the 'subsententiality' of these is chimerical.
Bozena Shallcross, Associate Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures
"Things Polish: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry"
My book examines the material world as construed by postwar Polish writers. I focus on their imagining of objects as 'the other' and on fluctuations of intimate ownership of objects versus ideology and consumerism.
Adam T. Smith, Assistant Professor, Anthropology
"Artifact and Affect: Material Culture, Aesthetics, and Politics"
During my year as a fellow, I worked on two manuscripts. The first is a book entitled Rendering the Political Aesthetic: Archaeology, Desire, and the Dawn of Government, examining the relation between artifact and affect in the political life of early complex polities. The second reports on the first phase of my archaeological investigations in the Republic of Armenia.
Martha Ward, Associate Professor, Art History
"Bookifying Exhibitions: The Art History Show in the 1930s"
During the 1930s, the art history show took on the form of the block-buster familiar to museum-goers today, but the understandings of what might be at stake in such modernizations, designed to address large audiences, diverged radically in France, England and the United States. My study reveals how quite different political and social concerns came to inform exhibition reforms in each of these countries.
Alyssa Ayres, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Language Policy, Ethnic Identity, and Nationalism in Pakistan"
This past year I completed my dissertation where I examined the disjunctures between a declared national language, one which has been projected by the state as the high-water mark of South Asian Islam, against the history of language politics which argue for the primacy of regional languages and the importance of local literary-historical canons.
Chika Kinoshita, Doctoral Candidate, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"Mis-en-scene of Desire: The Films of Mizoguchi Kenji"
My dissertation examines the Japanese film director Kenji Mizoguchi's oeuvre. The chapter I wrote this year focuses on the relationships between one of his films and other forms of mass culture, such as the serial novel and the phonograph, in 1920s Japan, introducing montage as a critical concept that connects different spheres of cultural production.
Ryan Minor, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"National Memory, Public Music: Commemoration and Consecration in Nineteenth-Century German Choral Music"
My research looks at the cultural and political resonance of choral singing in nineteenth-century Germany. I focus in particular on works written for public festivity (commemorations, consecrations). I suggest that the use of the chorus in these festivities offered a potent symbol to articulate changing visions of the nation, communal memory, and collective identity.
John Urang, Doctoral Candidate, Germanic Studies
"Legal Tender: Love and Legitimacy in the East German Cultural Imagination"
My thesis looks at love stories in East German film and literature between 1961 and 1989. I argue that these romantic plots tend to perform a similar ideological function: to shore up unstable or contradictory legitimating principles.
Christopher Faraone, Professor, Classical Languages & Literatures
"Incantation as Poetic Genre"
I came to the Franke Institute to write a book on the poetics of early Greek metrical incantations: that is, on magical spells as a form of hexametrical poetry. After I got here I (quite unwillingly) began to write a second book on the poetic form of early Greek elegaic poetry, and if all goes well I hope to have rough drafts of both by the end of June.
Francoise Meltzer, Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures
"The Need for Rupture: 1848 in France"
I study the 1848 French Revolution and the extent to which it is viewed as an instance of "rupture" in the works of both writers contemporary to 1848 (Marx, Hugo, etc.) and present-day writers (Barthes, T.J. Clark, etc.). My project looks more closely at these writings to understand what is meant by rupture, and why 1848 is so often turned to as a means of expressing rupture.
Holly Shissler, Assistant Professor, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations
"The Woman Question in Ottoman Thought, 1870-1919: Individualism, Family Structure, and the Idea of Progress"
Family Structure and the Idea of Progress" My research reconstructs late Ottoman debates around the "woman question" and places them in the wider intellectual context of the period, in order to show how Ottoman reformers viewed fundamental changes in women's place and family structure as integral to the broad, programmatic transformations they sought to affect in all areas of social and political life.
Martin Stokes, Associate Professor, Music
"Global Dimensions of Sentimental Music"
The project considers sentimentalism as a broadly dispersed phenomenon, and takes a number of case studies to focus on the trans-local processes of circulation that shape and define them. This year I have mostly focused on Abd al-Halim Hafiz, the Egyptian crooner of the Nasserite years, who exemplifies the sentimental forging of a vernacular counter-modernity in a space shaped by populist cultural authoritarianism and a vigorous and regionally significant mass media.
Chenxi Tang, Associate Professor, Germanic Studies
"Writing World History: The Emergence of Modern Global Consciousness in the 18th Century"
Modern geographic science was founded in the early decades of the nineteenth century. My project examines the ways in which it grew out of and at the same time decisively shaped Romantic philosophy and literature.
Lisa Wedeen, Assistant Professor, Political Science
"Peripheral Visions: Local Identifications in Unified Yemen"
My book examines the ways in which political identifications get made in the aftermath of dramatic institutional change, and asks: how, in the absence of strong state institutions, does the Yemeni regime attempt to represent national authenticity, cultivate and manage loyalties, and control the terms of unification?
Amy Graves, Doctoral Candidate, Romance Languages & Literatures
"Simon Goulart (1543-1628): historiographe et protojournaliste"
My thesis focuses on the ideological engagement of a Calvinist pastor and amateur historiographer, Simon Goulart, in the collections of memoires that he authored. His discourse is dominated alternately by a historically oriented focus on time and a journalistic emphasis on events. Consequently, as a rhetorical, sociological and epistemological phenomenon, his historiography was a vehicle for the sixteenth-century Huguenot struggle for legitimacy.
Naomi Hume, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"Alternative Cubisms: Between Paris and Prague"
I focus on four aspects of Czech cubism - collections, exhibitions, criticism, and publications - in order to emphasize both the cultural-political forces that led Czech painters to their interest in French art, and the impact of their use of the style in Prague on the eve of the First World War. While always in dialogue with the West, avant-garde practice in Prague includes a continual re-negotiation of identity that must take questions of nationalism, and social and political consciousness into account.
Kristin McGee, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"Representations and Alienations: The Jazz Canon and the All-Girls Bands in Times of War and Peace (1930-55)'"
My research concerns the entrance of women into heretofore-male dominated spaces of American popular music. Exploring both the historical precedents for the success of all-girl bands and the pressure placed on male jazz musicians by World War II and post-war years, my project examines representations of all-girl bands to analyze the roles of education, sexuality, race, and nationalism in the international reception of women jazz performers.
Ian Moyer, Doctoral Candidate, Ancient Mediterranean World
"Egyptian Priests and Hellenism: Studies in Interaction and Identity"
My project re-examines ancient texts and historical moments - from Herodotus' fifth century BCE journey to Egypt to Apuleius' Metamorphoses in the second century CE - long considered crucial for understanding the cultural and intellectual encounter between Greek civilization and Egyptian. Since priests figure as the primary exponents of Egyptian tradition in these transactional episodes, I explore evidence for their motivations and interests.
Daniel Brudney, Associate Professor, Philosophy
"Self-Determination Through Others"
To be self-determining can seem a desirable but impossible ideal — after all, social structures frame and constrain our lives and no one, individually, can determine those structures. Yet in fact citizens do jointly determine those structures, and to the extent that we can see other citizens' actions as "our own" we can see ourselves as determining the framework of our lives. My research will present an analytical and historical account of self-determination as a concept in political philosophy, and will conclude with a sketch of those relationships among citizens which are both practical and would count as a major step toward instantiating self-determination.
Michael Green, Assistant Professor, Philosophy
"Global Justice, Moral Responsibility, and Political Legitimacy"
While the nation state may be alive and well, the concept of global justice is in flux. In a time when environmental law and human rights cannot be regulated by nation states alone but must be buttressed by international actors, what does it mean for us to speak of justice? Why do we imagine justice to have a global scope? My work will seek to answer that question, and I hope to present a conception of moral responsibility that could underwrite a globalist view of justice.
Sandra Macpherson, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature
My time at the Franke Institute will be used to revise substantially my first book, Marriage Acts. The book examines literary interventions in the debate over matrimonial law reform from the repeal of the Civil Marriage Act in 1660 to the repeal of the Marriage Act in 1823, and I argue that the texts hitherto understood as contractualist are in fact elaborate critiques of the notion of contractual sovereignty. My revisions will draw heavily on the University's library resources.
Martin Riesebrodt, Associate Professor, Divinity School, Sociology, and History of Culture
"Towards a Theory of Religious Practices"
For the majority of the twentieth century, sociologists of religion have relied heavily on the Durkheimian and Weberian legacies as they understood them. My project, which will result in a book, is to present a new formulation, an outline of a theory of religious practices from a primarily sociological perspective that also responds to approaches in other disciplines such as anthropology and the history of religions.
Katherine Fischer Taylor, Associate Professor, Art History
"Architecture's Contribution to the Separation of Powers"
Much has been written about the value of architecture in asserting governmental power. I wish to analyze the more elusive problem of architecture's role in the expression and practices of diffused power in states with democratic representative governments, a context in which expressions of power tend to be suspect. The implementation of the separation of powers in France and the United States is the focus of my study, which aims to develop a comparative cultural history of how differentiated types of power, each grounded in a premise of popular sovereignty, have materialized as branches of government with distinctive and interrelated protocols and architectural forms.
David Wray, Assistant Professor, Classical Languages & Literatures
"Fierce Modesties: Women's Honor and Shame in Senecan Tragedy"
I hope to use my two quarters spent at the Franke Institute to develop further a set of ideas surrounding Roman poetics and society that grew out of my most recent book, Catullus and the Poetics of Roman Manhood (forthcoming in 2001 from Cambridge University Press). My aim is to arrive at a new understanding of Roman sexual modesty and women's honor through a contextualized reading of two Senecan tragedies.
Aaron Kitch, Doctoral Candidate, English Language & Literature
"'Matter to Rehearse': Structuring Intersections between Print and Drama in Early Modern England"
Scholars have paid close attention to the influence of printing on poetic form and to the complex translations from dramatic performance to printed text in early modern England, but they have not traced the constitutive intersections of print and drama as mediums in the period. Offering an important case study of technological innovation as it influences cultural form, my project studies the structural and structuring relations of printing and drama in works by a number of playwrights — including Henry Medwall, John Rastell, John Lyly, William Shakespeare, and Ben Jonson — from Tudor and Stuart England.
Jean Ma, Doctoral Candidate, English Language & Literature
"New Waves, Native Shores, and a Global Vernacular: The Films of Hou Hsiao-hsien"
With a career spanning two decades, Hou Hsiao-hsien is regarded as the preeminent film director in Taiwan and a leader of the hsin tien-ying, or Taiwanese New Wave. My work will focus on the role of Hou within this revolt against the traditional, state-owned film industry, and attempt to trace the pathways through which the participation of HouÕs films in a global symbolic economy determines their national value in advance, and, inversely, through which national value is displaced as a primary or authentic core of meaning.
Rochona Majumdar, Doctoral Candidate, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"The Marriage Form: Transformations and Negotiations in Bengali Modernity (1856-1955)"
My dissertation will study the transformation of the institution of marriage from a community-based, family-regulated affair negotiated via intermediaries (ghatakas), to an impersonal market-like phenomenon in which families or individuals negotiated matches via matrimonial advertisements, basing their decisions on the relative accomplishments and the financial and familial status of the bride and groom. Such a transformation was made possible by reforms in the dowry system and other areas of marriage law, and I will argue that these changes reflected larger transformations occurring in Bengali society as a result of the shifts toward a capitalist modernity.
Riccardo Marchi, Doctoral Candidate, Art History
"'Pure Painting' in Berlin, 1912-1913: Boccioni, Kandinksy and Delaunay at 'Der Sturm'"
Between 1912 and 1913 Umberto Boccioni, Robert Delaunay and Wassily Kandinsky exhibited in Herwarth Walden's Berlin art gallery works in which they dissolved objects in whirlpools of light, color and movement. In their writings these artists and the critics around them referred to this painting as "pure", and discussed abstraction and representation, the status of the painted image, the nature and role of aesthetic experience. The very peculiar interaction of pictorial practice, art theory and criticism in this key moment for the history of modernism has not been adequately studied yet. By offering an interpretation of "pure painting" which draws upon some of its primary artistic and literary sources, I hope to broaden our understanding of modernist painting and to verify some of the critical concepts crucial to such understanding.
Carles Boix, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science
"Birth of Party Democracy"
I examine the emergence of mass parties and the choice of electoral institutions in the developed world (North America, Western Europe and Australasia), using both formal models and historical analysis. The manuscript I am writing is organized in three parts: the process of mobilization of nonsocialist and socialist parties at the turn of the century; the conditions under which political elites, anticipating the consequences of different electoral institutions and given the contemporary structure of electoral competition, choose different electoral regimes; and an analysis of how those specific electoral institutions at the national level shaped, in interaction with pre-existing social cleavages, contemporary party systems.
Kyeong-Hee Choi, Assistant Professor, East Asian Languages and Civilizations
"Gender within Colonized Korea, 1910-1945"
Gender was a dominant theme during the flourishing of Korean intellectual life in the first half of the 20th Century, but it virtually disappeared in the post-liberation era. Because of this rather abrupt closure, very little is understood about the role of gender in colonized Korea. This project will examine the role that gender played in Korea's intellectual development, and specifically its relation to questions of political agendas, the impact of colonialism on Korean culture and the different ways gender was received by the elite and popular societies.
W.J.T. Mitchell, Gaylord Donnelley Distinguished Service Professor of English and Art History
"What Do Pictures Want?"
The aim of this project is to produce a book dealing with the ways in which images are seen to have an aura, an agency that allows them to speak and look back at us. Rejecting the notion that such an aura is merely a regressive superstition, I will hypothesize that human consciousness and social life are constituted by complex forms of animism and vitalism that are never simply "believed" or "disbelieved," but are constantly re-negotiated in the processes of everyday life. In this context, I believe that human beings create a "second nature," a world of animated entities that elude the control of any individual or group and thus seem to have "lives of their own."
Larry Norman, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages and Literatures
"The Shock of the Old"
The debate between the Ancients and the Moderns in early-modern Europe is often depicted as a struggle between a dying conservatism and insurgent modern liberalism. However, I believe an alternative reading of this debate exists, in which poets, playwrights and polemicists used ancient texts to challenge the political, sexual and aesthetic arrangements of the neo-classical period. Rather than being seen as upholding traditional codes, ancient texts presented a disturbing face of otherness, especially in light of the rigid authoritarianism of the time. Such re-reading would allow a reshaping of our understanding of canonical literature in general, offering a model of temporal cosmopolitanism in which a culture's own history can be seen in liberating discontinuity with itself, and in which its past is viewed less as forebear than as foreign.
Jerrold Sadock, Glen A. Lloyd Distinguished Service Professor of Linguistics
"How Good Was Goethe's Yiddish"
Taking Goethe's (and others') use of Judendeutsch as a basis, I am interested in exploring the relationship between that dialect and East Yiddish, as well as the development and loss of minority ethnolects in general. Rather than examining Yiddish texts themselves, I believe that literary works by Gentile authors in which Jewish characters are portrayed as speaking differently from the non-Jews in the same work will prove to be an ample source of evidence. Because many of these works are anti-Semitic, they have largely been discounted as sources, but to the extent that many anti-Semitic authors ®¢ Richard Wagner comes to mind ®¢ also seem to have had good ears for dialect, I will show that their works provide excellent documentation of the history of Judendeutsch and Yiddish.
Aslihan Yener, Associate Professor, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
"Case Studies in Early Societies: Ancient Anatolia"
This project involves research for a book on the development of complex societies in Anatolia, a region that in its early history is often seen as a "frontier" to the more well-known civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia. Taking issue with this view, I will argue that the development of the Hittite empire and the Assyrian trading colonies of the previous period show evidence of global trade networks, pre-capitalist banking structures and complex political systems. The time frame incorporates the end of the Early Bronze Age through the Late Bronze Age c. 2000-1150 B.C.
Anne Eaton, Art History and Philosophy
"Titian's 'Rape of Europa': The Intersection of Ethics and Aesthetics"
Taking Titian's 'Rape of Europa' as a case study, I will examine the fact that certain works widely acclaimed as artistically masterful affirm or even glorify something reprehensible. Confronted with such images, we both commend and deplore them. We are forced to ask whether art can in fact have moral value; and if so, whether this can or should constrain our aesthetic appreciation and judgment. My aim is to create a theoretical framework within which to evaluate such questions, and to argue that moral judgment can have a role in our aesthetic evaluation if we see it in terms of the work's position vis-a-vis the subject depicted.
John Huss, Conceptual Foundations of Science
"Experimental Reasoning in Non-experimental Science with Case Studies from Paleontology"
Despite paleontology's central role in contemporary policy areas as diverse as conservation biology and the search for extra-terrestrial life, there has yet to be a comprehensive study on the foundations of this field. The purpose of this dissertation, then, is to inquire into the historical, philosophical and methodological foundations of modern paleontology, specifically arguing that though it is a non-experimental science, paleontology has been driven by an experimental ideal similar to those found in the biological subdisciplines.
John Kulvicki, Philosophy
"Imagistic Representation: Depiction, Perception, and the Contents of Experience"
In this dissertation, I attempt to articulate structural features concerning how representations in a system orthographically, syntactically and semantically relate to one another that any representational system with imagistic aspirations must satisfy. I do not seek to explain what it is for a representation to be imagistic in terms of facts about visual perception; rather, I want to give an account that accommodates many of our intuitions concerning which of the representations we use are pictorial ones, which ones are borderline cases, which are diagrammatic, and which are symbolic or linguistic.
William Stull, Classical Languages and Literatures
"Character and Authority in Cicero's Dialogues"
The record of American scholarship on Cicero's rhetorica and philosophica is an unusual one — he is often seen as an out-of-touch thinker who valued political involvement over philosophical and literary activity, and his dialogues are often read as mines of information rather than, in their own right, coherent literary creations. While it is true that Cicero was primarily a man of action, I believe there is a need to correct this negative attitude toward his scholarly work. My dissertation, then, is a rereading of Cicero's dialogues as a serious attempt to let his voice be heard on matters philosophical, political, literary and cultural, focusing on his discussions of characterization and authority.
Danielle Allen, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature and the College
"Constituting Democracy: On Aristotle's Rhetoric and Democratic Persuasion"
My book argues that the long-term stability and durability of democracy require attention not only to legislation and policy-making but also to the cultivation of civic friendship. Hobbes, Ellison, and Aristotle all explicate the importance of such friendship and analyze the means of its cultivation. Finally, they treat the art of rhetoric, properly understood as a language of equity, as central to overcoming distrust.
Kathryn Duys, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures and the College
"Books Shaped by Song: Gautier de Coinci's Miracles de Nostre Dame and the History of Early Literary Books"
My work focuses on the poetics of book design in the high Middle Ages through the ninety-seven surviving manuscripts of the Miracles de Nostre Dame, a collection of pious songs and miracle stories written by Gautier de Coinci, a French monk. This year has been devoted to reinserting this intricately patterned work of music and poetry into its historical moment: the epidemics, penitential processions, liturgies, architecture, royal anti-Jewish policies, and the highly charged ecclesiastical politics of one of the most active Marian shrines of the period.
Saree Makdisi, Asistant Profesor, English Language & Literature, Comparative Literature, and the College
"Blake and the Cultural Politics of Production in the 1790s"
My book manuscript explores William Blake's work in relation to the cultural politics of the 1790s, including the enormous changes in imperial policies and practices, industrial production, citizenship and identity, the subjectivity of new industrial workers, and the work of art as commodity. I re-read Blake in the 1790s context, and use Blake's work to re-read the 1790s as one of the foundations of our present moment.
Moishe Postone, Associate Professor, History, Jewish Studies and the Social Sciences Collegiate Division
"Critical Theory and the Twentieth Century"
Critical Theory--the ensemble of approaches developed by theorists of the Frankfurt School--sought to critically illuminate the great historical changes of the twentieth century while locating itself within the context of these changes. I am attempting to contextualize these sophisticated theories of context with reference to large-scale historical patterns that have become increasingly evident in recent decades. In this way I am attempting to overcome some theoretical difficulties encountered by this tradition while delineating a theory of historical context more adequate to the contemporary world.
Martha Roth, Professor, Oriental Institute, Near Eastern Languages & Civilizations, Committee on the Ancient Mediterranean World, Jewish Studies, and the College
"Mesopotamian Law Cases"
A "case" in law presents an anomalous situation that disrupts the normal flow of daily life and has no readily apparent solution. In deviating from the norm, the case can illuminate the boundaries of that norm. By examining the forms of cases, their selection in ancient scholastic literature, and the issues of anomalous situations, my work on Mesopotamian law cases entails producing definitive editions of these cases in order to explore the case as a scholastic and didactic form.
Robert Von Hallberg, Professor, Germanic Studies, English Language & Literature, Comparative Literature, and the College
"African American Poetry"
I concentrated this year on research and writing concerning African American poetry of the twentieth century. In the last months I worked on three chapters of a book on this topic: these are literary critical essays on the poetry of Langston Hughes, Robert Hayden, and Amiri Baraka; one of their objectives is the sorting out of the most compelling writing by these poets. But the importance of music in relation to poetry, for many African American poets, has emerged as the major theme of the book, and this goes beyond the literary critical project.
John Crespi, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"What will suffice?: Voice, Nation and Subject in Modern Chinese Poetry, 1915-48"
In the early twentieth century, Chinese poets (not unlike their counterparts in many other regions) tried to reinvent their genre to bring it in tune with modern times. My research examines the play of nationalist thought in this so-called literary revolution by looking at how ideas of identity and voice figured in the institution and development of modern Chinese poetry from 1915 to about 1945. Key topics I explore include ideologies of making a modern vernacular poetry, the troubled identification with the voice of the masses, and the theory, poems, and performance of modern poetry declamation.
Andrew Hebard, English Language & Literature
"Everyday States: Institutional Rhetorics and Literary Territories, 1870-1920"
Looking at writers such as Kipling, Twain, Howells, and Conrad, my dissertation examines the politics of literary form as it relates to issues of territorial sovereignty and bureaucratic authority. A major claim is that the literature of this period does not try to imagine institutions and territories as objects, but relates them in terms of style and rhetoric. Unlike many theories of sovereignty and imperial expansion, these literary works are concerned with the poetics through which territory, institutions, and their relations come into being as socially relevant categories.
Steven Heim, South Asian Languages & Civilizations
"The Lives of a Layman: History, Language, and Community in the Biographies of a Thirteenth-Century Indian"
The biographies of the thirteenth-century Jain merchant Vastupala stand out in the history of biographical discourse in South Asia for their subject and for their long-term continuity. His biographers inaugurated a new genre of literature, the biography of a lay-commoner, and moreover, Vastupala's life has continued to capture the imagination of Jains up to the present. My project explores the use of Vastupala's lay biographies in Jain religious and socio-political discourse from medieval India to the present.
Joshua Phillips, Comparative Literature
"Properties of the Mind: Fiction and Intellectual Property in Sixteenth-Century England"
In my study, I argue that the gradual regulation and institutionalization of the emergent concept of intellectual property had a direct and abiding influence on aesthetic structures during the English Renaissance. Specifically, I analyze a variety of Tudor prose fictions to show how the notion of a "common marketplace of ideas" was replaced by private enclosures of the mind. This process was part of a larger cultural trajectory that minimized the importance of community and contributed to a new English literary culture.
Daniel Richter, Classical Languages & Literatures
"Ethnography, Archaism, and Identity in the Early Empire"
I am examining the use of ethnographic topoi in the literature (primarily of the Greek east) of the early Roman Empire. I believe that the ways in which intellectuals of the period manipulated the Greek ethnographic idiom (largely defined for them by Herodotos) reflect their perceived status both as Greeks within the Roman Empire and within the cultural and intellectual landscape of Hellas. The relationship between literary archaism and the use of the ethnographic past has been central to this inquiry.
Janice Knight, Associate Professor, English Language & Literature and the College
"Governing Beliefs: Piety, Discipline and the Role of Gender in Colonial America"
Mark Miller, Assistant Professor, English Language & Literature and the College
"Rational Animals: Problems of Normativity in the Canterbury Tales"
Patrick J. O'Connor, Assistant Professor, Romance Languages & Literatures and the College
"Paper Dolls: Latin American Fiction and the Narratives of the Perverse"
Malynne M. Sternstein, Assistant Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures and the College
"The Subversion of the Symbolic Sign: Iconicity and the Avant-Garde"
Dingxin Zhao, Assistant Professor, Sociology and the College
"State and Social Movement: The Causes and Dynamics of the 1989 Chinese Student Movement in Beijing"
Samuel Baker, Doctoral Candidate, English Language & Literature
"Written on the Water: Maritime Figures and Romantic Literary Culture"
Pi-Yen Chen, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"Morning and Evening Service: The Practice of Ritual, Music, and Doctrine in Chinese Buddhist Monastic Community"
Radcliffe Edmonds, Doctoral Candidate, Classical Languages & Literatures
"A Path Neither Simple Nor Single: The Use of Myth in Plato, Aristophanes, and the 'Orphic' Gold Tablets"
Murat Aydede, Assistant Professor, Philosophy, Committee on the Conceptual Foundations of Science, and the College
"The Affective Aspect of Phenomenal Experiences"
Many philosophical and scientific problems about phenomenal consciousness, like subjectivity and the mysterious ontological status qualia, have to do with the difficulty of incorporating the qualitative aspects of our mental life into a naturalistic/scientific framework. My proposal elaborates the idea of treating affective qualia as consisting solely of the peculiar ways in which sensory qualia (treated as analog information) are processed. Roughly, the significance of the idea can be put like this: it is not that we desire certain sorts of sensory stimulation because we feel, say, pleasure as a result, but rather we feel pleasure because we desire the continuation of a certain sort of sensory stimulation.
Bill Darden, Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures, and Linguistics
"Integration of Evidence from Linguistics and Archaeology: The Problem of the Homeland of the Indo-Europeans"
There has recently been an enlivened interest in the problem of the 'homeland' of the Proto-Indo-Europeans. The linguistic evidence for the culture of the PIE speakers can go no further back than the first division of the community--the split between the Anatolians and the rest of Indo-European, yet no one has seriously limited their evidence to those items which can be proven to have existed then. I use a study of the archaeology of those cultural items to argue that the most promising place for the division was the area of the Caucasus in the fourth millennium BC.
Loren Kruger, Associate Professor, English Language & Literature, Comparative Literature, and the College
"The Drama of Modernity: Plays, Pageants, and Publics in South Africa Since 1910"
Recent debates about South African theatre have focused on the battle over the present and future national culture in South Africa. Significantly, they have cleared the way for a critical revision of South African cultural history in which patterns and repertoires of performance can be read not as the immediate reflections or instigations of political action but as mediations of lived or imagined life in South Africa by a diversity of genres, performers, and audiences in neocolonial and (perhaps) postcolonial times.
Tamara Trojanowska, Assistant Professor, Slavic Languages & Literatures, Committee on General Studies in the Humanities, and the College
"Concepts of Identity: Continuations, Transformations, and Disruptions. Polish Drama 1956-96"
In the Polish theater, the question of identity has always been inseparable not only from its authors' and audiences' philosophical concepts of history and culture but also from their empirical experience of political and cultural reality. This study aims at analyzing Polish drama in the very richness and complexity of its entanglement in historical, political, ideological, and social reality of two distinct but deeply connected epochs: the history of the Polish People Republic and the new situation of a reclaimed and now democratic state.
Larry Zbikowski, Assistant Professor, Music and the College
My project explores how recent work in cognitive science sheds light on the way we structure our understanding of music. My focus has been on the way three aspects of cognition -- categorization, cross-domain mapping, and reasoning based on conceptual models -- shape our understanding of music. In addition to developing models for musical understanding, I show how these cognitive processes are manifested in music through a series of musical analyses. The analyses focus on questions of large-scale rhythm, musical identity, text-music relations, and compositional strategy.
Brian Currid, Doctoral Candidate, Music
"The Acoustics of National Publicity: Music in German Mass Culture, 1924-45"
By looking at general issues of theoretical importance and more localized cases of historical import, this project offers a chance to think through the problems and issues that 'cultural studies' presents to the study of music as a form of the social. Moving between historical investigation in archives and critical assessment of the place of historical mass-mediated forms of music in the national narration of German history, this study develops a critique of both the practice and structure of musical life in Weimar and Nazi mass culture.
Zhen Zhang, Doctoral Candidate, East Asian Languages & Civilizations
"'An Amorous History of the Silver Screen': Film Culture, Urban Modernity, and the Vernacular Experience in China, 1905-1937"
Embedded in a particular 'vernacular experience', Chinese silent and early sound cinema (1905-37) was a profound transformation in perception, everyday life, knowledge production and dissemination in China. In the film culture of this pre-war Republican period, how was the production and reception of modern imagery informed by various old and new technologies and by related cultural practices? This cultural history of imaging and imagining, and its ramifications for Chinese modernity, has been multi-dimensional, shifting, and gendered.
SAWYER POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW
Neville Hoad, Sawyer Seminar on Sexual Identities and Identity Politics
"Gay and Lesbian Identity and the Cross-Cultural Rhetorics of Race in South Africa, 1960-96"
This cross-cultural project explores the dynamics of gay and lesbian identity in South Africa in relation to questions of constitutional reform and social transformation. It addresses such inter-related concerns for gay and lesbian identity as the influence of global capital as a transcultural medium, the use of the ethnic minority analogy, the role of the category of tradition in determining racial and national authenticity, stategies of assimilation and separatism, the relationship between civil rights discourses and national liberation discourses, the notion of sexual deviance as cultural otherness, and transcultural organizations of 'sexuality'.